Changing negative stereotypes is difficult because people encode social information in a stereotype-maintaining way: For instance, although people may be accurate in reporting their objective age and even use terms that are appropriate for their age group, they may subjectively view themselves as being much younger than that age.
Alternatively, considerable research also suggests that merely priming stereotypes or specific traits can cause people to act in accordance with the primed concepts even if the stereotypes and traits are not self-relevant. Under what conditions are stereotypes activated? Recently, implicit measures based on reaction times have demonstrated considerable utility in predicting behaviors that could not be predicted by direct self-reports e.
Studies of stereotype content examine what people think of others, rather than the reasons and mechanisms involved in stereotyping. Other examples include ageist views of older workers on the job and its harmful effects on employee satisfaction Gordon et al.
Since relatively little relationship has been found between age and job performance Salthouse and Maurer,it is important to identify social context effects that moderate such perceptions.
Second, the affective or emotional aspects of prejudice render logical arguments against stereotypes ineffective in countering the power of emotional responses. The third article was neutral about memory. Quality Assessment The quality of each study was assessed according to the Downs and Black quality index.
This final and necessary criterion resulted in seven remaining articles. That is, they may believe certain stereotypes about older adults, but not believe that those stereotypes apply to them because they are not, subjectively, old. It is possible for people to know certain information about themselves, but have contradictory feelings about that information.
That is, this particular race and role combination changes the automatic response. Another important process that needs to be considered is the context in which the elderly person is being evaluated. For example, decades of research comparing the self-esteem of African Americans to European Americans have found small differences between the groups, with slightly higher self-esteem among African Americans Porter and Washington, ; Rosenberg, Older men are perceived more positively than older women Kite and Wagner, By examining the cognitive representation of stereotypes important questions can be addressed: Subjects primed with the stereotype walked significantly more slowly than the control group although the test did not include any words specifically referring to slownessthus acting in a way that the stereotype suggests that elderly people will act.
In fact, the effects from negative age priming were almost three times larger than those of positive priming when compared with a neutral baseline. Thus, despite perceptions of declining memory capacity on the part of older adults, they can still be viewed as credible or desirable.
Group identification may enable older adults to avoid negative effects of age discrimination as a form of secondary control Garstka et al.there is a primarily negative view of Hispanics by non-Hispanic Whites that may be partially driven by the stereotypes associated with a particular label.
Effect of Social Comparison on Stereotypes. Positive stereotyping can become particularly problematic in clinical fields where the importance of multicultural awareness and competency has already been acknowledged and emphasized, such as psychotherapy, mental health counseling and social work.
Apr 22, · List positive stereotypes. Discussion in 'The Vestibule' started by InfiniteSWAG, there are no 'positive' stereotypes. stereotyping itself is prejudice shaka_zulu, Apr 22, Age-Related Stereotypes: A Comparison of American and Chinese Cultures Aysecan Boduor ugl a Carolyn Yoon precluded a clear classification of positive and negative the negative stereotyping of them in Western cultures [2, 16, 17].
Particularly, the highly influential work by Levy. Highlights Positive stereotypes are especially detrimental to egalitarian social perception.
Exposure to a positive stereotype led to increased essentialism. Exposure to a positive stereotype led to increased application of prejudicial beliefs. These results were relative to baseline and negative stereotype exposure conditions.
A vast literature documents both positive and negative stereotyping about older people, but little is known about the effects of these stereotypes on their behavior, self-concept, and motivation.
Unlike stereotypes that have no basis in fact, aging stereotypes tend to hold a kernel of truth.Download