Johann Zoffany painted Charles Macklin in the role that had brought him fame at the Covent Garden Theatre —68  and Thomas Gray portrayed a confrontation between Shylock and his daughter Jessica The Asse which dainty meates doth beare And feedes on thistles all the yeare Is like the wretch that hourds up gold And yet for want doth suffer cold.
Lechery was supposed to be an attribute of some misers, exposing them to a contest between satisfying this weakness and their overmastering passion to save expense, as exemplified in the Old Gripus print.
In this version the miserly father hoards his apples and only eats those going rotten. They appeared in various European languages, among them the illustrated trencher by Marcus Gheeraerts the Youngerdating from abouton which an ass laden with rich foods is shown cropping a thistle, surrounding which is the quatrain: Prokharchin by Fyodor Dostoyevsky.
The frieze on the west wall of Lincoln Cathedral depicts the torments of Hell visited on those guilty of this sin,  while Sassetta made "The Blessed Ranieri showing the friars the soul of the Miser of Citerna carried to hell by demons" a panel of an altarpiece now in the Louvre.
A rich miser closes the bargain and is eventually forced to support the child by the magistrate. By the end of the 19th century the theme of the miser was distancing itself from the simply moralities of journeyman painters and becoming a subject for aristocratic amateurs.
The 18th century, so culturally rich in miser lore, furnished some notable poetic examples. A simple-minded countryman down from the fells, Watty was hired by the real-life Carlisle miser Margery Jackson — and served her for a quarter.
There a young woman in luxuriant Renaissance dress stands behind an ugly miser, reaching across him to take coins from the money bags he clutches to his chest, while he looks up at her, crying out with a grimace and trying to push away her hand.
Low Countries artists who took up the allegorical theme added the variation of making the woman examine a coin by the light of a candle or lantern, as in the paintings by Gerrit van Honthorst  and Mathias Stomer.
This includes two stories, in the first of which a rich miser is miraculously converted to generosity by a disciple of the Buddha; following this, the Buddha tells another story of a miser whose wealth is given away when the king of the gods impersonates him, and when he tries to intervene is threatened with what will happen if he does not change his ways.
The latter was an epistolary novel in which Charlotte Montgomery describes her own romantic affairs and in addition those of her mother, an unprincipled spendthrift who has just married the miser of the title.
He is represented as a rich and miserly Venetian merchant, later to become the father of Columbina.
In the hands of the later Marinus van Reymerswaele the contrast disappears. Although miserly behaviour is referenced during the course of its 78 pages, the real focus there is the attraction of money in all its manifestations.
His son invites in his playmates to pick the fruit but asks them not to eat the rotten ones since his father prefers those.
Verses as the bottom underline the moral: The Scottish poet Allan Ramsay adapted this into dialect two years later,  and Charles Denis provided a version in standard English in his Select Fablesreversing the title to "Minos and the Miser".
Daniel Dancer was notorious for spending five shillings in an unsuccessful effort to recover three pence from a shop woman. These characters are identified by the verse at the bottom:A miser is a person who is reluctant to spend, sometimes to the point of forgoing even basic comforts and some necessities, in order to hoard money or other possessions.
Although the word is sometimes used loosely to characterise anyone who is mean with their money, if such behaviour is not accompanied by taking delight in what is saved, it .Download