This theory centres around the notion that justice is the essential characteristic of moral reasoning which in itself relies heavily upon the notion of sound reasoning based on principles.
He said that is it often that second thoughts are best. The Bus Boycott is an evident case of collective conscience as an ethical decision maker which has lead to the performance of an act that was wrong.
Is he not saying that conscience develops continuously, particularly in our understanding of justice? Fromm, similar to Freud, Piaget and Kohlberg believed that our moral centre came from those around us who are able to exert authority over us which involves reward and punishment and overtime, we will have internalised their moral values and theirs become central to our own understanding of morality.
Discuss with reference to Utilitarianism. I also think you need to refer back to the question to make sure that you are answering it. A really good explanation of Freud. Critically assess the view that we are not responsible for our evil actions. This suggests that the conscience is central to our identity as moral beings.
Butler argued that these various parts were ordered in hierarchy, that there are situations where the conscience, being superior in the hierarchy, is able to over-rule the promptings of the appetites of affection.
Religious perspectives state that the conscience is a reliable guide to ethical decision-making as it relies on our innate ability to determine what is good and bad. He also states that there must be such a thing as moral universalism and that morals are not natural features of the world but rather they are prescriptive.
Would Piaget and Kohlberg agree with you? There are many arguments about whether or not the conscience is a reliable guide when it comes to ethical decision-making. Assess the view that conscience should always be obeyed.
Sigmund Freud believed that humans are incapable of dealing with the reality that the world we live in is surrounded with chaos.
To what extent are ethical theories helpful when considering ethical business practise? However, these early moral values still continue to influence us, through the conscience in which he believed to be a way of dealing with the conflict of our rejection of the early beliefs.
Freud, through his theory of psychosexual development, stated that our feelings of guilt ie. However, the secular approaches do not provide an accurate method of understanding what the right path is. I am sure Kohlberg was trying to explain the conscience rather than say whether we ought to follow it, but it seems to follow that a more developed conscience is a better guide than an underdeveloped one.
For people who have done wrong, Butler was quick to condemn and stated that they have a deluded self-deception that interferes with the purpose and purity of God. In the case of Rosa Parks and the Bus Boycott, she did not give up her seat to a white person due to her conscience telling her so.
Freud would argue against allowing the conscience to have control over our decisions about how we act. I believe that both religious and secular perspectives both provide arguments which demonstrante the unreliability of the conscience when making ethical decisions.
Freud believed that the conscience is merely a construct of the mind that seeks to make sense of disorder and to deal with the conflict that guilt brings.
Critically assess the claim that people are free to make moral decisions.Assess the view that the conscience need not always be obeyed 35 marks Firstly, I shall discuss what is meant by a conscience and where does it come from?
Assess the view that conscience need not always be obeyed. Evaluate the claim that conscience is the voice of God. Sexual Ethics ‘Sex and relationships are matters of personal choice.’ Discuss.
‘Virtue ethics is a good approach to the issues surrounding sex and relationships.’ Discuss. All exam questions on this page are also available on the OCR website. All questions are marked out of “Conscience need not always be obeyed”.
Assess the view that conscience should always be obeyed. Evaluate the claim that conscience is the voice of God.
“Conscience is innate”. Discuss. Assess the view that the conscience need not always be obeyed Essay Assess the view that the conscience need not always be obeyed. [ 35 ] For many of use our consciences have always been a part of us since the day we first started to recognise ourselves.
Ethics practice questions 1. ‘Without freedom it is impossible to make moral choices.’ Discuss 2. Critically assess the view that the word ‘good’ has no real meaning. 3. Critically assess the claim that conscience is a reliable guide to ethical decision making.
4. Assess the view that the conscience need not always be obeyed.  For many of use our consciences have always been a part of us since the day we first started to recognise ourselves. It would be easy for everyone to follow this ‘voice of reason’ in our head as the outcome if often a positive one.Download