Science of stars paper

But the spontaneity of Twitter can backfire, too. Now, he starts his workday browsing through his Twitter feed for news and noteworthy research in his field. For him, Twitter is a virtual classroom connecting netizens worldwide who are interested in the psychology of happiness.

His own tweets, mostly about papers and presentations he finds interesting, also form an archive that can be extracted with a little tech savvy. As a general guideline, we included only those who have completed a Ph.

The question of who counts as a scientist is itself a matter of debate. The temporal, attention-grabbing nature of Twitter posts also makes them ill-suited for nuanced, in-depth scientific discussions.

So why do the highly cited researchers who are also Twitter science stars make the time to engage in social media? Still, he and others credit Twitter as a crowdsourcing platform for new ideas and research.

The Kardashian Index is calculated as follows: Instead of waiting for the old letters to the editor, scientists can go to Twitter for rapid critique of their research. The linguist Noam Chomsky, the most famous living scientist by some measureshas also repeatedly criticized social media for reducing serious public discourse to, well, characters.

Gilbert says he prefers to tweet materials that appeal to a general audience, rather than complex scientific papers. We recorded the number of Twitter followers for our list on 15 September.

Due to limitations of both methods, the citation numbers are only rough estimates. To identify Twitter science stars, we began with celebrity scientists such as Tyson and checked out which scientists they followed.

With more than 2. Yet Eisen also has close to 42, citations under his belt. Of the 50 most followed scientists, only four are women. Only a fifth of the scientists have an identifiable Twitter profile.

Eisen, for one, has live-tweeted brusque criticism at academic conferences that came back to bite him.

Science & Astronomy

During the day, he checks Twitter several times and spends another 10 to 20 minutes on an evening roundup. Research on altmetrics—alternative metrics for measuring scientific impact—has found no link between social media metrics such as number of tweets and traditional impact metrics such as citations, he says.

Yet few would consider his Twitter fame unwarranted. Psychologist Daniel Gilbert of Harvard University 36th; 15, followers views Twitter as a natural extension of his other public outreach efforts, which include hosting the PBS science documentary, This Emotional Life.

Even some who do dislike the medium. Total number of tweets: We also referenced online lists of scientists to follow on Twitter, such as this one Science of stars paper The Huffington Post. He suggests an active social media presence might even aid applications for research funding, as it demonstrates a commitment to public outreach.

For them, Twitter popularity can amplify their efforts in public outreach. To tally the number of citations for each scientist, we over the past month looked up their Google Scholar profiles or, for those without a profile, used estimates produced by the Publish or Perish software, developed by business professor Anne-Wil Harzing of ESCP Europe.

Likewise, Eisen reserves lengthy discussions for old-fashioned phone calls and uses Twitter to instead link to blog posts and other, longer materials. Even so, most high-performing scientists have not embraced Twitter. Eisen says that consistently tweeting ongoing research at his lab has helped attract graduate students as well as two grants for science communication.

An enthusiast of open access and exchange, Eisen participated in scientific discussion forums, such as newsgroups, even before the days of the World Wide Web. It was for purely coincidental reasons—checking out details of a visit by famed cyclist Lance Armstrong to Davis, California—that the microbiologist signed up for an account in But after 20 minutes of perusing news on the social media platform that day, Eisen says, he was hooked.

As an exception to this rule, we excluded professional journalists who fit the above criteria.Science of Stars SCI/ Abstract The information contained in this paper will explain the science of the stars. Other information in this paper will be a description of how astronomical instruments aid astronomers in determining the rotation rate of distant objects, speed, temperature, and composition.

The Science of Stars Paper Astronomy/ Robert Austin, PhD. December 30, University of Phoenix The Science of Stars Paper The stars are the majority and most widely acknowledged astronomical components that symbolize the most essential development of the galaxies.

Science of the Stars.

The top 50 science stars of Twitter

K likes. A page dedicated to Chris Murphy's (Veos) astrological work, focusing on the vedic system of astrology called Jyotish. Read the latest news and articles about astronomy and space science. Plus, amazing photos of the night sky and dramatic imagery of cosmic phenomena.

The strength of Science and its online journal sites rests with the strengths of its community of authors, who provide cutting-edge research, incisive scientific commentary, and insights on what. The top 50 science stars of Twitter. we included only those who have completed a Ph.D.

degree and published at least one peer-reviewed paper in a peer-reviewed journal. As an exception to this.

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